Susan B. Anthony
By: Mick YatesShe was born February 15, 1820 in Adams, Massachusetts. She was brought up in a Quaker family with long activist traditions. After teaching for fifteen years, she became active in temperance issues. Because she was a woman, she was not allowed to speak at rallies. This experience, and her acquaintance with Elizabeth Cady Stanton, led her to join the women's rights movement in 1852. Soon after that she dedicated her life to women's suffrage.
Ignoring opposition and abuse, Anthony traveled, lectured and canvassed across the nation for the vote for women. She also campaigned for the abolition of slavery during the Civil War, women's rights to their own property and earnings, and women's labor organizations. She and fifteen other women voted in the 1872 Presidential election - at the time women did not have the vote. She was brought to trial in 1873, and although she was fined $100 (she never paid it) no further action was taken against her.
In 1900, Anthony persuaded the University of Rochester to admit women. Anthony, who never married, was aggressive and yet also compassionate by nature. She had a keen mind and a great ability to inspire. She remained active until her death on March 13, 1906, age 86.
At the time of her death, only 4 States (Wyoming, Colorado, Idaho and Utah) had granted sufferage to women. In 1920 Congress adopted the Nineteenth Amendment giving all women the vote.