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The employment of a non-constraint resource for the sake of keeping busy, unrelated to whether it is useful in supporting system throughput.;
Adaptive Leadership;
In Adaptive situations, the organization must constantly sense changes in the external environment and then respond to these changes - rather than sticking to a well worn and pre-planned path. Adaptive Leaders must thus help their organizations change in ways that will allow it to do what it has never done before. An Adaptive Leader must therefore manage patterns, paradox, transformation and actions, rather than predicting and controlling people and events. He or she was once defined by the US Military as "A leader who can influence people by providing purpose, direction, and motivation - while operating in a complex, dynamic environment of uncertainty and ambiguity to accomplish the mission and improve the organization." http://call.army.mil/products/newsltrs/01-18/01-18ch2.htm Also, see "Complex Adaptive Systems" in this glossary. ;
Affirmative Action;
A hiring policy that requires employers to analyze the work force for under-representation of protected classes. It involves recruiting minorities and members of protected classes, changing management attitudes or prejudices towards them, removing discriminatory employment practices, and giving preferred treatment to protected classes.;
Analytic Workplace Design;
Design based on established physical and behavioral concepts, including the known working habits of people. Produces a workplace environment well within the range of human capacity and does not generally require modification or improvement.;
The process of conducting In Process Reviews (IPRs) and After Action Reviews (AARs). IPRs help determine initial expectations, ascertain strengths and weakness of both employees and the organization, and identify key issues and organizations whose willing support is needed to accomplish the mission. AARs determine how well the goals are being accomplished, usually by identifying areas to sustain and improve.;
Characteristics or qualities or properties. Attributes of the leader fall into three categories: mental, physical, and emotional.;
Authoritarian Leadership;
A style of leadership in which the leader tells her employees what she wants done and how she wants it done without getting their advice or ideas.;
Autocratic style;
A leaer who tended to centralize authority, dictate work methods, make unilateral decisions, and limit employee participation.;